At Environmental Defence, we perform research and publish reports and guides to educate the public about environmental challenges facing our communities, then provide roadmaps for steps we can take to tackle these challenges. Take a look some of our most recent reports:


Our Reports

Plastic Pollution in Canada

The world is facing a plastic pollution crisis and Canada is a significant contributor to the problem. Read the report ... Read More

2020 Annual Report

Together, we're making a healthier environment and a better world. This past year, because of your generous support, we accomplished so much. Read our 2020 ... Read More

Big Oil Reality Check: Assessing oil and gas company climate plans

Increasingly, oil and gas companies claim to be part of the solution to the climate crisis—but the reality is very different. This analysis of the ... Read More

Building Highway 413 the Best Option for Moving People & Goods in the GTA West Region?

Highway 413 should be cancelled. It will cause significant environmental impacts, do little to ease congestion and consume billions of dollars that can be better ... Read More

Briefing: Export Development Canada’s role in bailing out the oil and gas sector

Canada’s export bank, Export Development Canada (EDC), already provides on average nearly fourteen billion dollars in support to oil and gas companies each year. Now ... Read More

The Logging Loophole: How The Logging Industry’s Unregulated Carbon Emissions Undermine Canada’s Climate Goals

Canada's boreal forest stores twice as much carbon as the world’s oil reserves. Despite this climate value, more than 400,000 hectares of the forest is ... Read More

Not Just A Canadian Phenomenon

In Canada, various protests against pipelines and other oil and gas infrastructure projects is well documented. Some Canadians may feel like the country’s oil and ... Read More

Green Strings: Principles and conditions for a green recovery from COVID-19 in Canada

To ensure a green recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, clear guidelines are needed. The following seven “green strings” should be attached to COVID-19 recovery measures ... Read More

Clearing The Air

Find out how electric vehicles and cleaner trucks can reduce pollution, improve health and save lives in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area ... Read More

Policy Brief: A New Canadian Climate Accountability Act

This policy brief proposes a framework for a new Canadian Climate Accountability Act that would enshrine Canada's ambitious commitment to net-zero emissions by 2050 – ... Read More

Still Digging: G20 Governments Continue to Finance the Climate Crisis

Since the Paris Agreement was made, G20 countries have acted directly counter to it by providing at least USD 77 billion a year in finance ... Read More

Who Benefits?

Most (70%) oil sands production is owned by foreign companies and shareholders, who enjoy the majority of record profits, especially when oil prices are low ... Read More

No Time To Waste

The world is facing a plastic pollution crisis. Plastic pollution has been found practically everywhere scientists look— in the high arctic and the deep sea, ... Read More

Canada’s Federal Fossil Fuel Subsidies in 2020

Despite a long-standing commitment to phase out fossil fuel subsidies, in 2019, federal subsides to the oil and gas sector reached at least $600 million, ... Read More

Our Guides

Reject Teck’s Frontier Mine

The federal government is facing an important test of its resolve on climate action: whether to approve or reject what would be Canada’s largest open-pit ... Read More

Toxic Ten: Skincare Guide

From washing your face to applying serum for a youthful complexion, our daily skincare routine may involve using as many as 16 personal care products ... Read More

Our Submissions

Letter to Minister of Natural Resources re: Hydrogen Strategy for Canada

This joint letter, signed by 27 organizations, urges the federal government to focus its hydrogen strategy on renewable hydrogen, instead of fossil fuel-derived hydrogen. The ... Read More

How to strengthen Bill C-12: Canadian Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act

Canada has failed to achieve every international climate target it has ever set. In its current form, Bill C-12 provides little assurance we will alter ... Read More
Virtual Hill Day Briefing Note CEPA

Briefing Note: Modernizing the Canadian Environmental Protection Act

This briefing note outlines the recommendations to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA), by Environmental Defence, Ecojustice, the David Suzuki Foundation and the Canadian Association ... Read More

Comments on draft terms of reference for conducting a strategic assessment of thermal coal mining

This submission outlines the recommendations for a proposed strategic assessment of thermal coal mining. It is critical that the strategic assessment of thermal coal consider ... Read More

Comments on the Hydrogen Strategy for Canada: Draft Executive Summary

This submission lays out key pieces that should be part of a credible and robust hydrogen strategy for Canada. Canada should focus on supporting and ... Read More

Submission to House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance Pre-Budget Consultations in Advance of 2021 Budget

This submission outlines our recommendations for recovery and budget actions in 2020-2021, addressing the Committee’s theme of restarting the Canadian economy as it recovers from ... Read More

Comments on the draft equivalency agreement for the Saskatchewan methane regulations

This submission outlines some concerns that Saskatchewan’s oil and gas methane regulations and directives may not deliver an equivalent environmental outcome to federal methane regulations ... Read More

No federal funding for exploration drilling off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador

In this open letter, the signing organizations express concern about reports that the government is considering major financial incentives to boost offshore exploration in Newfoundland ... Read More

Natural Infrastructure is an Integral Part of Green Recovery

Natural infrastructure projects create good jobs, support local supply chains, and provide a variety of environmental, social, and health benefits. Download the submission (English)(Adobe Reader ... Read More

Support for Ontario’s Conservation Authorities

We, the 112 undersigned organizations, call on the Government of Ontario to retain the current mandate of the province’s 36 Conservation Authorities in protecting, restoring ... Read More

Banning non-essential, single-use plastics and moving toward zero plastic waste and plastic pollution prevention

The undersigned organizations are writing to provide our recommendations on the scope of the regulatory ban on harmful single-use plastics and complementary measures needed to ... Read More

Open Letter to Prime Minister Trudeau on Prioritizing Families over the Fossil Fuel Industry

COVID-19 is presenting real and immediate risks to people's health and livelihoods. It is appropriate and necessary for the federal government to make major interventions ... Read More

Financial Support for Fossil Fuels

Due to a lack of transparency and reporting, quantifying the extent of federal supports to the oil and gas sector is a difficult task. Federal ... Read More

Joint Letter on Achieving Canada’s objectives through implementation of the Impact Assessment Act

This joint letter to the Minister of the Environment and Climate Change urges the government to make the strong implementation of these laws a priority ... Read More