At Environmental Defence, we perform research and publish reports and guides to educate the public about environmental challenges facing our communities, then provide roadmaps for steps we can take to tackle these challenges. Take a look some of our most recent reports:

Our Reports

A Plan Green Buildings, Jobs and Prosperity for Ontario: Reducing Carbon Emissions from Fossil Gas

Written by Kent Elson, this plan provides a pathway to reduce carbon emissions from fossil gas (aka “natural gas”) in a way that will create ... Read More

What makes a strong climate plan?

The climate emergency is at our doorstep. From unprecedented heat waves in British Columbia, to flooding in Yukon and wildfires raging across the country, it ... Read More

Canada’s State of Climate Action

Canada could be a climate leader but we aren't 9 out of 10 Canadians think we’re climate leaders. But Canada still hasn’t turned its good ... Read More

FAQ: Fossil Fuel Subsidies in Canada

It's been more than 10 years since Canada pledged to end fossil fuel subsidies - and yet public financial supports for the oil and gas ... Read More

Is Canada’s Impact Assessment Act working?

The Impact Assessment Act (IAA) came into force in August 2019, replacing the widely criticized Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012 . Is the IAA meeting ... Read More

Enbridge’s Line 5 – The pipeline’s ongoing environmental risks to the Great Lakes and the climate

Line 5 is a 68-year-old pipeline operated by Enbridge Energy. It carries up to 540,000 barrels-per-day or 23 million gallons of oil and natural gas ... Read More

CAR WARS: EVs versus SUVs and the Battle for a Cleaner Future

Car companies like to make big promises of an electric vehicle (EV) future. Meanwhile, they are working hard to sell millions of highly polluting – ... Read More

Briefing: Net Zero Producers Forum

On April 23, 2021, the United States, Canada, Qatar, Norway, and Saudi Arabia, which jointly account for 40 percent of global oil and gas production, ... Read More

Paving Paradise: The Impact of Highway 413 on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Air Pollution and Suburban Sprawl

We wanted to get a sense of the impact Highway 413 could have on climate change and air pollution, so we hired a transportation modelling ... Read More

Towards Canada’s Fair Share: New research on achieving a stronger climate target

The modeling being presented here shows Canada can do the hard work required to achieve our fair share of carbon emissions reductions - 60% reductions ... Read More

Paying Polluters: Federal Financial Support For Oil and Gas in 2020

Canada’s federal government provided or announced at least $18 billion in federal support and subsidies for fossil fuel companies in 2020. But that total is ... Read More

Drawing from Despots

This report shows how the tactics employed by the Alberta Government to harass, silence and intimidate critics of the oil industry are similar to those ... Read More

Steady Path: How a transition to a fossil-free Canada is in reach for workers and their communities

This brief investigates the actual state of employment in Canada’s fossil fuel industry. It explains why the clean economy transition is manageable for workers in ... Read More

Our Guides

Reject Teck’s Frontier Mine

The federal government is facing an important test of its resolve on climate action: whether to approve or reject what would be Canada’s largest open-pit ... Read More

Toxic Ten chemicals to avoid in skincare products

From washing your face to applying serum for a youthful complexion, our daily skincare routine may involve using as many as 16 personal care products ... Read More

Our Submissions

Letter on the federal government’s commitment to ban thermal coal exports

This letter signed by 49 environmental and health organizations, representing nearly three million people across Canada to the Prime Minister. We urge the government to ... Read More

Submission to the Government of Ontario re: Alternative Low Carbon Fuels

Environmental Defence supports the phasing out of coal use in Ontario. However, we believe the Alternative Fuels regulation creates the potential for simply replacing one ... Read More

Submission to Finance Canada re: CCUS Consultation

Environmental Defence is deeply concerned with the proposal to introduce a new investment tax credit for carbon capture and storage (CCS). Carbon capture is not ... Read More

Backgrounder: Environmental Priorities for Election 2021

As the country heads towards an election, it has never been clearer to Canadians that the climate crisis is at our doorstep. In fact, climate ... Read More

Submission on assessing PFAS as a group

This letter provides comments on the notice of intent to address the broad class of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). We look forward to seeing ... Read More

Carbon capture is not a climate solution

On behalf of our millions of members and supporters across the United States, Canada, and globally, we are writing to express deep concerns about our ... Read More

Climate Conditions on Government Spending Programs

A briefing note with recommendations for the design of new government funding programs developed to facilitate industrial decarbonization, specifically the Net Zero Accelerator fund, the ... Read More

Comments on Phase I Vista Test Underground Mine (VTUM) and Vista Mine Phase II Expansion Projects

We are writing to express serious concerns about the Phase I Vista Test Underground Mine and Vista Mine Phase II Expansion Projects by Coalspur Mines ... Read More

Letter re: C-28 vote before World Environment Day

In this joint letter, we join civil society organizations concerned with environment and health, calling on the federal government to place Bill C-28 on the ... Read More

Comments on the proposed Greenhouse Gas Offset Credit System Regulations (Canada)

These comments to Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), developed with Nature Canada and NRDC, on the proposed Greenhouse Gas Offset Credit System Regulations (Canada) ... Read More

OSFI Consultation: Climate-related risks in the financial sector

Together with Shift: Action for Pension Wealth and Planet Health and EcoJustice, this submission shares our expertise and interest in reducing the risks of climate ... Read More

Letter on Export Development Canada’s Legal Obligations Regarding Climate Change

The attached legal opinion sets out the international law obligations governing Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) in connection to their continued financing of fossil fuel-related projects ... Read More
Government submission on Bill C-230

Submission on Bill C-230: An Act respecting the development of a national strategy to redress environmental racism

Environmental Defence requests the passing of Bill C-230: An Act respecting the development of a national strategy to redress environmental racism without delay. It is ... Read More

Submission to the federal Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development

This submission to the federal Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development, in the context of the committee's study on the proposed ban on single-used ... Read More

Women’s health and the Canadian Environmental Protection Act

This briefing note on women's health and the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) is by Environmental Defence, Ecojustice, the David Suzuki Foundation, the Canadian Association ... Read More

Briefing Note: Modernizing the Canadian Environmental Protection Act

This briefing note outlines the recommendations to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA), by Environmental Defence, Ecojustice, the David Suzuki Foundation, the Canadian Association of ... Read More

Submission to the Standing Committee on General Government Regarding Bill 257:Supporting Broadband and Infrastructure Expansion Act

Environmental Defence requests the removal of Schedule 3 of Bill 257: Supporting Broadband and Infrastructure Expansion Act. Schedule 3 of Bill 257 aims to empower ... Read More
Cover of the letter to ECCC regarding forestry and OBPS, featuring the logos of Environmental Defence, NDRC, and Nature Canada

Feedback on the federal Output-Based Pricing System and Forest Products

NDRC, Nature Canada, and Environmental Defence are pleased to provide Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) with the present comments in response to its request1 ... Read More
Cover of March 2021 submission on OBPS, showcasing the Environmental Defence and CCNB logos

Re: Review of Federal Offset-Based Carbon Pricing System

Environment and Climate Change Canada is in the process of assessing the effectiveness of the current Output-Based Pricing System (OBPS). In this submission, Environmental Defence ... Read More

Ontario NGO submission on Hazardous and Special Products regulations

Effective extended producer responsibility (EPR) policy for hazardous and special products is critical to mandating proper collection and management, and could provide impetus for producers ... Read More

Letter from civil society demanding no subsidies for enhanced oil production

On behalf of 47 organizations representing 2 million people in Canada, we are writing to express our collective opposition to the introduction of new tax ... Read More

NGO letter on Plastic Pollution and Listing under CEPA

We ask the government to list “plastic manufactured items” 1 on Schedule 1 of Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) by the end of February 2021 ... Read More

Environmental Defence Submission on Schedule 17 of Bill 197 (Amendments to the Planning Act)

The power to issue Minister’s Zoning Orders should be significantly restricted. Environmental Defence has had the opportunity to review the comments of the Canadian Environmental ... Read More

Comments on the discussion paper for an Ontario low-carbon hydrogen stategy

We appreciate the Province’s interest in exploring hydrogen as a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality, while creating opportunities for economic ... Read More

Open Letter from 53 Organizations on Updating Export Development Canada’s Climate Target

In a time of climate crisis, Crown corporation Export Development Canada is providing oil and gas companies with an average of over CAD 13 billion ... Read More