Five years ago, virtually every lake, river and waterway in Canada was protected under the Navigable Waters Protection Act (NWPA) (now the Navigation Protection Act (NPA)). But then in 2012 the federal government of the day gutted Canada’s environmental laws, leaving only 97 lakes, 62 rivers and three oceans with protections from major industrial projects, including the Energy East pipeline.
Earlier this month, Environmental Defence teamed up with the Council of Canadians to tell the federal government to restore those protections to Canada’s waters. It’s part of our call for the federal government to restore and strengthen Canada’s environmental laws.
The federal government promised to address this, with its review of Canada’s environmental assessment laws and processes, including the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, the NWPA/NPA, the Fisheries Act, and the National Energy Board Act. As part of the review, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Transport, Communities and Infrastructure was tasked with undertaking a review of the NWPA.
This is an important opportunity to keep Canada’s waters clean and safe for navigation, drinking, recreation and traditional Indigenous uses, while restoring environmental protections when major industrial projects impact waterways. The Committee accepted comments until December 7th and will be making recommendations to Parliament early in 2017.
In our joint submission with the Council of Canadians, Environmental Defence called for:
- Environmental protections under the NWPA/NPA to be restored to all lakes, rivers and waterways;
- The restoration of environmental assessments under the NPA for pipelines and transmission lines that cross waterways. This includes the 2,963 waterways crossed by Energy East.
- The creation of an independent expert panel to study the NPA/NWPA that will hold public consultations and incorporate feedback;
- Consultation with Indigenous communities and the incorporation into the NPA/NWPA of the Indigenous right to free, prior and informed consent for projects that cross their traditional waters;
- The inclusion of a clause in the NPA/NWPA that establishes a community’s right to say “no” to projects that threaten waterways.
It’s encouraging that the federal government is planning to strengthen and restore Canada’s environmental laws, including the NPA/NWPA. This is a once-in-a-generation opportunity for Canada to create world-leading protections for its land, air and water. But we need to get it right.
Our submission lays out a plan for the NWPA/NPA to keep Canada’s lakes, rivers and waterways clean and safe from risky industrial projects like pipelines. But our elected officials need to hear from Canadians across the country, not just the industry insiders that weakened these environmental laws in the first place.
Take action now. Tell the federal government to restore and strengthen Canada’s environmental laws.