TransCanada’s Energy East is the largest tar sands pipeline ever proposed with a capacity of 1.1 million barrels per day. Energy East would ship tar sands oil 4,600 km across Canada, putting nearly 3,000 lakes, rivers and streams and the drinking water of over 5 million Canadians at risk from oil spills. The massive pipeline and tanker proposal would also threaten huge lengths of coastline – including Canada’s iconic Bay of Fundy.
The pipeline proposal also puts more than 50 First Nations communities and their traditional lands at risk. Canadians would benefit very little as 90 per cent of Energy East’s oil is intended for export. Building massive new fossil fuel infrastructure like Energy East will further increase Canada’s climate pollution. Given the approvals of other tar sands pipelines like Kinder Morgan and Line 3, these increases are inconsistent with with Alberta’s proposed cap on carbon pollution and Canada’s commitment in Paris to keep global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius.
This project is all risk and no reward for Canada. We can’t build a massive pipeline that would put Canadian communities and water at risk of oil spills.
The Tar Sands
The tar sands are the fastest growing source of carbon pollution in Canada. Building massive new fossil fuel infrastructure like Energy East could further increase Canada’s climate pollution. These increases could be inconsistent with Alberta’s proposed cap on carbon pollution and Canada’s commitment at the U.N. climate summit in Paris to keep global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Energy East would begin in Hardisty, Alberta, a major terminal for tar sands bitumen. Often diluted with toxic and explosive chemicals like benzene, tar sands oil is more dangerous to ship by pipeline than conventional oil. If spilled into a waterway, heavy tar sands bitumen can sink and coat river and lake bottoms, which makes it harder and more expensive to cleanup.
Kenora Region and Winnipeg
Energy East passes directly through Kenora and the Lake of the Woods watershed. It also crosses Shoal Lake, the primary source of Winnipeg’s drinking water. A spill here could impact hundreds of thousands of people, and cause significant harm to the local economy.
In January 2014, a natural gas pipeline in the same network to be converted for Energy East exploded in a massive fireball 50 km south of Winnipeg. TransCanada admits it still doesn’t know what caused the incident. This was just one of many incidents on TransCanada’s pipeline network in recent years, raising questions about the company’s safety practices.
The pipeline route runs north of Thunder Bay, creating the risk of a major tar sands oil spill into Lake Superior. The township of Nipigon is particularly vulnerable.
Energy East would cross through Temagami, a cherished ecosystem of old-growth pine forests and pristine lakes. The region is the traditional territory of the Anishnaabe people and is home to the Temagami First Nation, one of 52 independent First Nations and Metis communties directly located along the proposed pipeline’s route.
Energy East would threaten North Bay’s source of drinking water, Trout Lake, with the risk of tar sands oil spills. Oil spills anywhere in this region would threaten the health, environment and economy of North Bay as well as the Mattawa River system downstream.
Quebec City crossing
TransCanada wants to bury this high pressure tar sands oil pipeline under the St. Lawrence River, west of Quebec City – creating the possibility that oil could leak or rupture directly into the river.
Energy East is primarily an export pipeline. It’s estimated that 70 to 90 per cent of the pipeline’s tar sands oil would be exported unrefined on tankers, much of it to heavy oil reneries in India, Europe and the United States. Energy East would dramatically increase tanker traffic in the Bay of Fundy, which would threaten coastal ecosystems, fisheries, tourism and marine species with the risk of oil spills.
Download a PDF copy of the map here.
TransCanada’s Energy East pipeline plan is all about exporting oil. Up to 90 per cent of Energy East’s oil would be exported unrefined. As an export pipeline, it won’t create many permanent jobs or have lasting economic benefits to local communities.
Join the intrepid naturalist as he follows “the greatest” of all Canadian migrations: the journey of the tar sands.
TransCanada’s proposed Energy East oil pipeline project threatens the drinking water of nearly 5.6 million Canadians. This alarming finding is the result of a detailed examination of Energy East’s proposed route across Canada.
TransCanada has been misleading Canadians and investors by repeating false information in a desperate attempt to justify its Energy East pipeline and tanker proposal.
TransCanada’s proposed Energy East pipeline is not a made-in-Canada energy solution.
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