Line 9 is an aging oil pipeline owned by Enbridge Inc. that runs through some of the most densely populated parts of Canada. The 38-year-old pipeline now carries conventional oil across Ontario and Quebec. Enbridge wants to use the line to ship heavy crude, which includes ultra-heavy tar sands oil. The pipeline was not built for this purpose.
In this area Line 9 crosses creeks draining into Hamilton Harbour and lake Ontario. They include Grindstone Creek, Bronte Creek, and 16 Mile Creek.
Line 9 Crosses all of the major rivers in the GTA. These include the Credit, Humber, Don, and Rouge Rivers, all of which drain into Lake Ontario, the source of drinking water for millions of people. Environmental Defence has discovered the pipeline dangerously exposed in the Rouge River, threatening this ecologically sensitive area and future National Park.
Line 9 runs just north of Kingston, crossing the Cataraqui River, which is part of the Rideau Canal system.
The pipeline crosses through the Cornwall area, threatening small local waterways like the Raisin River and the entire St. Lawrence with the threat of an oil spill
A related project is being planned to ship the unrefined tar sands oil from Montreal, Quebec down to Portland, Maine for export on tankers. Click here for more information on the PMPL pipeline proposal.
More dangerous tar sands oil will be shipped through the pipe. Instead of normal crude oil, Enbridge wants to ship diluted bitumen, or “dilbit.” Dilbit is more corrosive to pipelines, acting like a hot liquid sandpaper, raising the risk of pipeline failure. It is harder to clean up, because unlike normal oil it sinks in water, coating river or lake beds. And, it is very toxic, containing a cocktail of nasty chemicals that make people sick when exposed: benzene, toluene, and hydrogen sulphide.